Home' Defense Systems : January and February 2014 Contents MOVING FORWARD
e Army announced publicly in Decem-
ber 2013 that it was consolidating its cyber
command operations, which previously
were scattered in more than a half dozen
government o ce buildings in the Wash-
ington, D.C., area to Fort Gordon. e Ar-
my s cyber and network operations at the
Georgia facility will be under the control
of a single commander who will oversee
a worldwide corps of 21,000 soldiers and
e Navy has a cyber workforce of
5,000 uniformed and civilian employees
working at Fort Meade, Md., and also at
U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. Tenth
Fleet operational facilities and task forces
around the globe. e task forces support
combatant commands or joint force ac-
tivities with expertise in cyber networks,
information operations, electronic war-
fare, signals intelligence and space.
e Naval Reserve O cer Training
Corps is able to boast that 85 percent of
its scholarship midshipmen for 2013 and
2014 are enrolled in academic majors with
a technical focus, the Navy told Defense
Systems. Of those, 11 percent are majoring
in academics with a direct application to
cybersecurity and cyber warfare, such as
computer science, computer engineering
and electrical engineering.
As a sign of the growing importance of
cyber study at military colleges, the U.S.
Naval Academy announced in May 2013
that it had established a cyber operations
major for the class of 2016 and beyond.
In December, the Army graduated it rst
class of cyber network defenders at Fort
"As we continue to understand the
demands and roles of the cyber warfare
community, we will work with our part-
ner host schools to develop midshipmen
who will lead the Navy into tomorrow s
warfare landscape," said Lt. Matthew
Comer, a spokesman for the Naval Ser-
vice Training Command.
In addition to recruiting through its
ranks, the Navy wants to rapidly assimi-
late college graduates with cyber-related
degrees from nonmilitary schools into its
ranks through its cyber warfare engineer
career eld, Navy o cials told Defense
NDU s iCollege o ers training to lead-
ers ranging in rank from major or equiva-
lent to one-star general or equivalent, Du-
vall said. He said iCollege routinely adjusts
its curriculum to changes to policy and
technology that occur at the federal level.
e institution uses case studies, mod-
eling and simulations, and a cyber range
to educate future cyber leaders, Duvall
said. By applying what they are learning
through these methods, students learn
how to make the best decisions possible
in cyberspace when they encounter new
threats that develop under their watch, he
"We want to get our students to un-
derstand the cyber landscape to the point
where they can be active thinkers in cyber-
space," Duvall said. "What we are trying to
do is get strategic thinking that involves an
agility of the mind to recognize when the
cyber landscape is changing how you react
to it." ■
operations, and serves as the Navy's cryptologic commander.
By 2016, the command plans to add 1,000 personnel to the 800
brought online in 2013, and expects to increase the number of
computer defense, attack and exploitation teams from 40 to 100 by
2015.The Navy expects to maintain a workforce ratio of 80 percent
military and 20 percent civilian employees and contractors.
Air Forces Cyber
HQ: 24th Air Force, Lackland Air Force Base,Texas
The command's "Lines of Effort" include operating the Air Force
Information Network, defending AFIN and engaging cyber
adversaries. AF Cyber also is looking to develop an automated
defensive capability, which would allow it to put its personnel on
other jobs, and build resilient networks that can survive the attacks.
The command is planning to add about 2,000 personnel, most of
them uniformed, to its cyber workforce by 2016.
Marine Corps Forces Cyberspace Command
HQ: National Capital Region
Marines maintain that what makes MARFORCYBER operations
different from those of the other commands is its focus on the
tactical edge, delivering cyber support for forward-deployed forces.
The command expects to increase its workforce from 300 to about
1,000 by 2016, made up of about one-third each military personnel,
civilian employees and contractors.
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